Password and Account Protection¶
A user is given a username (also known as a login name) and associated password that permits her/him to access NERSC resources. This username/password pair may be used by a single individual only: passwords must not be shared with any other person. Users who share their passwords will have their access to NERSC disabled.
Passwords must be changed as soon as possible after exposure or suspected compromise. Exposure of passwords and suspected compromises must immediately be reported to NERSC at firstname.lastname@example.org or the Account Support Group, email@example.com.
If you forget your password or if it has recently expired, you can reset your password by clicking the 'Reset your password' link on the Iris login page. Enter your username and, if MFA has been enabled, a MFA OTP, and click OK. NERSC will send you a secret code. The secret code will be valid for 24 hours. In the password resetting page, enter the NERSC username, the secret code, and your new password. Your password should meet the password requirements explained below and must be 'safe' or 'very safe' according to the provided password strength meter.
If you still have a problem after trying that, you will need to call Operations at 800-666-3772, menu option 1, or 510-486-6821 to have your password reset. Then, you will receive a secret code by email. With the secret code, follow the steps above.
Passwords for New Users¶
NERSC must have a NERSC Appropriate Use Policy (AUP) form on file before activating a user's account and assigning a user a password in the Iris system. This form can be submitted online.
Once we have received the form and attached it to your account (assuming that your PI has already requested that you be added to their project repository), we will send you a secret code via email. The secret code will be valid for 24 hours. In the password resetting page, enter the username, the secret code, and your new password. Your password should meet the password policy explained there and must be strong according to the provided password strength meter.
How To Change Your Password in Iris¶
All of NERSC's computational systems are managed by the LDAP protocol and use the Iris password. Passwords cannot be changed directly on the computational machines, but rather the Iris password itself must be changed:
- Point your browser to https://iris.nersc.gov.
- Click the Iris icon in the top left corner.
- Select the 'Details' tab.
- Click on the 'Reset password' box in the 'Self-service User Info' section.
- NERSC will send you a secret code via email. The secret code will be valid for 24 hours.
- In the password resetting page, enter the username, the secret code, and your new password. Your password should meet the password requirements explained in the next section below, and must be 'safe' or 'very safe' according to the provided password strength meter.
Passwords must be changed under any one of the following circumstances:
- Immediately after someone else has obtained your password (do NOT give your password to anyone else).
- As soon as possible, but at least within one business day after a password has been compromised or after you suspect that a password has been compromised.
- On direction from NERSC staff.
Your new password must adhere to NERSC's password requirements.
NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) has updated their Digital Identity Guidelines in Special Publication 800-63B. Based on the guidelines and LBNL's new password standard, NERSC has updated password policy to bring it in closer alignment with the guidelines. The vast majority of NERSC users utilize a second factor in addition to their password when logging into systems and web apps, and this further justifies a change in password policy.
When users are selecting their own passwords for use at NERSC, the following requirements must be used.
- The password must register as either 'safe' or 'very safe' on a password strength meter that is provided.
- If MFA is not enabled for your account the minimum password length is 14 characters. The enforced minimum length for accounts with MFA enabled is 8 characters, but in practice it may be difficult to select a password that registers as 'safe' on the meter with this short password.
- There is no character complexity rule regarding inclusion of uppercase/lowercase letters, digits and special characters.
- Passwords will have to be changed every six months.
Your login privileges will be disabled if you have ten login failures while entering your password on a NERSC resource. You do not need a new password in this situation. The login failures will be automatically cleared after 5 minutes. No additional actions are necessary.